TOP Slavery in the Western Territories To many nineteenth century Americans, the expansion of slavery into Western territories caused a great deal of controversy. Since the drafting of the Constitution inthe North and the South had grown further apart in terms of economy, ideology, and society. The federal government, hoping to prevent a civil war, temporarily resolved the issue with compromises. As the compromises appeared to become more one-sided, however, sectional divides between the North and South became more pronounced.
For more information, please see the full notice. Conflicts arose from the inability of British officials to balance the interests of colonists and Indians, which led to colonial dissatisfaction with imperial rule and, ultimately, to the causes of the American Revolution.
Under the treaty, Canada and the entire present-day United States east of the Mississippi came under British control. With the official end of the war, Anglo-American colonists began to pour over the Appalachian Mountains in search of land.
As the native population had made no land cessions, many of these settlers had no official claim to the land.
In many cases, the land was claimed by private land companies, in which the Virginia elite had invested heavily in an attempt to diversify their holdings outside of the volatile tobacco market. Thus, they had an interest in pressing the British Government to address ensuing tensions.
The settlement of the lands west of the Appalachians brought inevitable tension and conflict between settlers and indigenous peoples. British military officials attempted to halt settlement, but eager settlers and land speculators ignored their directives.
With the military unwilling to forcibly remove settlers from the lands, Anglo-American colonists continued to migrate west and lay claim these lands. The French Government had devoted significant resources to furnishing gifts to their Indian allies. When British forces arrived to take over former French forts, they halted the gift-giving practice, not realizing that doing so undercut the authority of any pro-British leaders within indigenous communities and antagonized the Indian leaders.
In response to British actions and western settlement, the leader of the Ottawa tribe, Pontiac, sent messages encoded in wampum belts to other communities throughout the present-day Midwest to coordinate an attack on British forts.
Unaware of the depth of Indian anger and resentment, British forces were caught largely by surprise and lost all their western forts except for Fort Pitt and Detroit, where British military officials were tipped off and, therefore, able to prevent seizure.
When news of the rebellion reached London, the government decided to put into action a plan for creating a western Indian reserve, and produced the Royal Proclamation ofwhich forbid colonial settlement beyond the line of the Appalachian Mountains.
The proclamation was largely ineffective in preventing western settlement, and served only to anger both settlers and the political elite who had invested in western land speculation.
War with the Indian tribes continued from into British officials managed to negotiate peace with the Senecas in the Niagara region and with Indians in the upper Ohio River valley, and, inPontiac agreed to a formal treaty signed at Fort Ontario on July With this piece of legislation, the British intended to preempt any dissatisfaction among the French Canadian population by restoring French civil law and allowing Catholics to hold office.
The Quebec Act angered the Virginia elite, since most of the western lands they claimed were now officially part of Quebec or in the Indian reserve. The act, which Parliament passed at the same time as legislation placing Massachusetts under crown control, also fueled resentment among Calvinist New Englanders, who saw in its autocratic, pro-Catholic provisions further evidence of an imperial conspiracy against colonial liberties.
When the American Revolution began intensions between settlers and Indians became a part of the conflict.
The ultimate effect of British frontier policy was to unite frontiersmen, Virginia land speculators, and New Englanders against unpopular British policies. These groups, angered by British taxation policies, forged revolutionary alliances with other colonists.Two largest church denominations in Georgia after the American Revolution; spread across the state as the population moved westward Headright System Method used to distribute land by giving up to 1, acres of land to white men (considered the head of the family).
Westward Expansion (after the Civil War) You studied how the Civil War redefined the nation. Before that A transportation revolution that improved roads, canals, and steamboats, and the opening by railroads of the interior east American West that attracted thousands of migrants.
Mineral ores. Watch video · Westward Expansion was the 19th-century movement of settlers, agriculture and industry into the American West. Learn about the Louisiana Purchase, manifest destiny, the Gold Rush and more.
Despite the sweeping setback to Native Americans represented by the American Revolution, native groups in the trans-Appalachian west would remain a vital force and a significant military threat to the new United States.
The United States had two significant territorial expansions after the Revolutionary War. In the Treaty of Paris of , the United States got land from Great Britain. In , American and British representatives met in Paris to formally end the American Revolutionary War and determine the boundaries of the new republic.
The Treaty of Paris granted the United States title to an extraordinarily vast expanse of land.