The expanding array of data, data types, and data management systems is making the enterprise data landscape more complicated. It is all about finding the right balance for data access and management. We are also now in the post-relational era, thanks to a proliferation of options for handling Big Data more naturally and efficiently than relational database management systems RDBMS. This presentation discusses the rise of Hadoop and other MPP technologies and where they fit into an enterprise architecture in the Big Data era.
Introduction The main topic of the article is the Western metaphilosophy of the last hundred years or so. But that topic is broached via a sketch of some earlier Western metaphilosophies.
Once that sketch is in hand, the article defines the notion of metaphilosophy and distinguishes between explicit and implicit metaphilosophy. Then there is a consideration of how metaphilosophies might be categorized and an outline of the course of the remainder of the article.
Some Pre-Twentieth Century Metaphilosophy Socrates believed that the unexamined life — the unphilosophical life — was not worth living PlatoApology, 38a. Indeed, Socrates saw his role as helping to rouse people from unreflective lives. According to Aristotlephilosophy begins in wonder, seeks the most fundamental causes or principles of things, and is the least necessary but thereby the most divine of sciences Metaphysics, book alpha, sections 1—3.
Later philosophers continued and even intensified the stress on philosophical practicality. The Roman Cicero held that to study philosophy is to prepare oneself for death.
The idea that philosophy is the handmaiden of theology, earlier propounded by the Hellenistic thinker Philo of Alexandriais most associated with the medieval age and particularly with Aquinas.
Aquinas resumed the project of synthesizing Christianity with Greek philosophy - a project that had been pursued already by various thinkers including AugustineAnselmand Boethius.
Boethius was a politician inspired by philosophy — but the politics ended badly for him. In those respects he resembles the earlier Seneca.
And, like Seneca, Boethius wrote of the consolations of philosophy. Is philosophy a process or a product? What kind of knowledge can philosophy attain? How should one understand philosophical disagreement? Is philosophy historical in some special or deep way? Should philosophy make us better people?
What method s and types of evidence suit philosophy? How should philosophy be written presuming it should be written at all?
Is philosophy, in some sense, over — or should it be? But how might one define metaphilosophy? One definition owes to Morris Lazerowitz.The cognitive linguistic enterprise in Romania “trembled” and the landmark by “in fear”.
Discussing landmarks of the Container type (e.g. in fear, in terror, in anger, in triumph, in pain, in despair the author observes that Romanian also conceptualizes emotions as containers, using past participles prefixed by in/im-(e.g.
Elements of Moral Cognition: Rawls' Linguistic Analogy and the Cognitive Science of Moral and Legal Judgment 1st Edition. Cognitive linguistics (CL) is an interdisciplinary branch of linguistics, combining knowledge and research from both psychology and linguistics.
It describes how language interacts with cognition, how language forms our thoughts, and the evolution of language parallel with the change in the common mindset across time. The Cognitive linguistics enterprise: an overview.
In Evans V, Bergen B, Zinken J, editors, The cognitive linguistics reader. In Evans V, Bergen B, Zinken J, editors, The cognitive linguistics reader. 1 The cognitive linguistics enterprise: an overview 1 Vyvyan Evans, Benjamin K. Bergen and Jörg Zinken 1 Introduction Cognitive linguistics is a modern school of linguistic thought and practice.
It is con-cerned with investigating the relationship between human language, the mind and socio-physical experience. Linguistics - Dialectology and linguistic geography: Dialect study as a discipline—dialectology—dates from the first half of the 19th century, when local dialect dictionaries and dialect grammars first appeared in western Europe.
Soon thereafter, dialect maps were developed; most often they depicted the division of a language’s territory into regional dialects.