The absolute rule of gaius julius caesar

Caesar was then elected praetor an elected Roman official for 62 B. Caesar was quick to take advantage of his power by waging a successful campaign against some native tribes in Lusitania, a Roman province in western Europe. Meanwhile, his political enemies accused him of provoking, or starting, the war. First Triumvirate In 59 B.

The absolute rule of gaius julius caesar

However, Marcellus died of an illness that had spread throughout the city of Rome that year. Agrippa was given tribunicia potestas "the tribunician power" in 18 BC, a power that only the emperor and his immediate heir could hope to attain. The tribunician power allowed him to control the Senate, and it was first given to Julius Caesar.

The Life of Julius Caesar

He was a part of the Julio-Claudian dynastyand was related to all the Julio-Claudian emperors. He also was the uncle of Caligulawho was the son of his sister Agrippina. Immediately after, emperor Augustus adopted him and Lucius from their father by a symbolic sale, and named both Gaius and Lucius his heirs.

Augustus taught Gaius and Lucius how to read, swim, and the other elements of education, taking special pains to train them to imitate his own handwriting, mostly by himself.

The adoption of the boys coupled with the games served to introduce a new era of peace — the Pax Augusta. Agrippa returned to Campania in Italy, where he fell ill and died soon after. Their father was no longer available to assume the reins of power if the Emperor were to die, and Augustus had to make it clear who his intended heirs were in case anything should happen.

He marched his army between the Elbe and the Rhine, and met little resistance, except from the Sicambri. Tiberius came close to exterminating the Sicambri, and had those who survived transported to the Roman side of the Rhine, where they could be watched more closely.

The next year, Augustus made him a pontifexand granted him the right to attend senate meetings, behold spectacles, and to be present at banquets with senators.

The absolute rule of gaius julius caesar

Having been designated consul, he was allowed to give his opinion to the senate. Lucius, three years his junior, was granted the same honors after the appropriate interval had elapsed.

The absolute rule of gaius julius caesar

Augustus, as usual, declined the sole responsibility of decision. He convened a council of senators, among whom he included Gaius. The council decided to ratify the will brought by Archelaus, which included a large bequest to Augustus and his wife Livia.

Roman supremacy in Asia depended on its possession of Armenia as a protectorate. Before Rome could deal with the Parthians in Armenia, it would first need to make its Syrian legions available, which were still tied down in Palestine.

One half remained under Archelaus, while the other half was subdivided between his brothers, Antipas and Philip.

This served to restore stability to the region, whilst keeping Judaea from becoming powerful. Having settled matters in Judaea, the Emperor decided to deploy an army to Armenia to re-establish its status as a Roman protectorate and to show the eastern world that Rome held dominion over all land as far as the Euphrates.

Due to his advanced age, Augustus was unable to travel to the east himself. There were few the Emperor trusted to settle matters in the east, but he was confident Gaius could. Gaius made a good choice, because his presence represented that of the imperial family — all orders, promises, or threats coming from him were as valid as if they came from the Emperor himself.

Nonetheless, he was only eighteen, and therefore too young for the conduct of important business. His youngest brother, Postumus, participated in the Trojan game with the rest of the equestrian youth.

The Emperor entrusted Gaius with proconsular authority and had his second cousin, Livilla, marry him.

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Livilla was the daughter of Drusus the Elder and Antonia Minor. Among his entourage to the east were: Tiberius was alienated at the meeting, both by the behavior of Lollius and his centurions.

Suetonius continued, saying Tiberius wrote to the Emperor that Lollius be replaced. Lollius strove to turn Gaius against him: Gaius, in any case, had no affection for the man who had contributed, directly or indirectly, to the ruin of his mother. The Emperor did not desire an open war, and the king of Parthia seemed open to peace.After the assassination of Julius Caesar there was a civil war between his supporters and his opponents.

Caesar's adoptive son, Augustus, emerged victorious and became the f irst emperor. Watch video · Julius Caesar (c. July 12 or 13, BC to March 15, 44 BC) was a politically adept and popular leader of the Roman Republic who significantly transformed what became known as .

Gaius Julius Caesar - Wikipedia

A superb general and politician, Julius Caesar (c BC – 44 BC / Reigned 46 – 44 BC) changed the course of Roman history. Although he did not rule for long, he gave Rome fresh hope and a.

Start studying Chapter 6. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. triumvirate is a three man rule the first was made up of Julius Caesar; Pompey and Crassus spoke in defense of republic against absolute rule great .

Chapter6 The Roman Republic. STUDY. PLAY. How did absolute Rule relate to Julius Caesar? How did Marcus and Brutus and Gaius Cassius Relate to Julius Caesar? Plotted Caesar's assassination. They were also leaders of senate. How did Caesar show that he was a brilliant general? Won victories in Spain, Gaul, and defeated Pompey.

July , BCE: Gaius Julius Caesar was born into patrician family that had allied itself politically with the plebian politicians. Julius was not his first name; it was the name of family, Caesar .

Julius Caesar | Biography, Conquests, & Facts |