Joy A Howard November The following is intended to be a comprehensive list of studies relating to competitive and negotiated sales of municipal bonds. The list excludes studies completed prior to due to changes in the marketplacestudies or reports that do not include an analytical analysis, and studies or reports performed or commissioned by underwriters or financial advisors that had a financial interest in the issues being analyzed.
David E 10 June at 5: European cities tend to have a lot of pedestrian-only throughways, such as stairs and blocked-off streets, whereas American cities tend to focus on multi-use or vehicle.
Laurence Aurbach Post author 10 June at 5: For a discussion of connectivity and traffic crashes, see Connectivity Part 7 and also Two Connectivity Studies for European cities also have more mixed use, more pedestrian-oriented building frontages, and more travel options.
Installing pedestrian-only streets in American contexts may or may not be a wise option. In the absence of good urban design and convenient transportation options, pedestrian-only streets run the risk of being underused, unprofitable for businesses, or prone to crime.
In suburban contexts, pedestrian-only connections perform better than conventional suburbs, but not as well as well-connected urban layouts.
Mike Zimney Are there any thresholds for intersection density that would equate to great, good, poor? Just wondering if there is any consensus for minimum thresholds for intersection density.
So a good place to look for higher performance standards is in the LEED credits. Intersections per square mile Five stars: More than Four stars: LEED-ND does not count intersections leading to cul-de-sacs, and does not count alley-alley intersections.
My rating system actually subtracts cul-de-sacs from the total. It counts all street intersections and alley intersections.
Anyhow, you can see that a place like Venice, Italy is off the charts compared to these thresholds. The TND Design Rating System is calibrated so that 5 stars is equivalent to a well-designed, early twentieth-century, urban neighborhood in the United States. The reasons for that are discussed in the FAQ on page Mike Zimney 26 July at 9: Do you know if there is a rating scale for percentage of 4-way intersection in terms of great, good, bad?
Thanks 28 July at 7: In fact, transporation planning theory and experience says that 3-way intersections have fewer opportunities for crashes assuming all other factors are equaland 3-way intersections can be effective traffic calming devices.
And how to account for a layout like Washington DC, where the many diagonal avenues result in 6-way intersections? And traffic roundabouts and traffic circles with 7, 8 or more intersection points? Are these superior to 4-way intersections?
It all depends on context and design. They can account for nuances like bottlenecks in the network, or the angle between streets that run into an intersection.Feb 26, · Water Fluoridation: A Critical Review of the Physiological Effects of Ingested Fluoride as a Public Health Intervention Stephen Peckham 1, 2, * and Niyi Awofeso 3 1 Centre for Health Services Studies, University of .
The St. Lawrence River–Great Lakes system (SLR–GL) is the second largest waterway in North America after the Mississippi River, spanning km from the Northeast Atlantic coast to the interior of the continent. The Effect of Revenue Planning on Municipal Financial Performance: A Case Study of the Polokwane Local Municipality in the Limpopo Province T.T.
Molobela University of Limpopo Abstract There are recent findings that signify municipal consumer debt and revenue planning as problematic. A well-lit office is a productive office. Ask Philips to conduct a detailed audit of your office lighting – it will help you to understand your current lighting conditions in terms of energy consumption, light distribution, visual comfort and the light levels in different spaces.
Laboratory studies were conducted to develop a model for the overall decay of total residual chlorine (TRC) under various 3. Effect of chlorine dose on chlorine decay with time. Decay of chlorine in diluted municipal effluents.
Below are the official results from the Municipal Election.