Making sure everybody has the same opportunities to participate in every aspect of life to the best of their abilities and desires. What is Disability Inclusion?
Inclusion in the American Public Schools: There has been a rapid rise in the number of students with disabilities who are spending their school day in a general education classroom under the guise of full inclusion.
The practice of inclusion came about as a natural outgrowth of the Mainstreaming movement of the 's.
Inclusion is purported to be based on the rights of the students and the social benefits that they receive from being in a general education classroom. There are many who see this as a solution to the problem of how to best educate children with disabilities.
On the other hand, there are those who believe that this practice is based solely on the feelings of what the inclusionists see as socially correct, and not on any real People with disabilities need inclusion essay to the students involved.
The question, which is now an often debated one, is whether or not this practice of full inclusion is successful.
Is including children with special needs in the general education classroom beneficial to their education? Since we cannot expect to "cure" or "fix" these kids who have disabilities, how can we educate them to their fullest capacity? The goal of educating these students with disabilities should be no different than the goals of educating the students who are in general education, which is that we should educate them in such a way as to help them realize their full potential.
This is where the problem and controversy arises in regard to students who have disabilities; how best to do this? To fully understand the issue of inclusion in the American Public School, we must examine the history of inclusion, the laws regarding the education of students with disabilities, and what some of the experts in education have to say about it.
Only after a full examination of the facts can we decide for ourselves which is most beneficial and appropriate in the education of students with disabilities today: Inclusion is defined as "a professional belief that students with disabilities should be integrated into general education classrooms whether or not they can meet traditional curricular standards and should be full members of those classrooms" Friend and Bursuck,p.
Just how did the practice of inclusion come about? Modern day special education began in the 's after several hundred years where we saw thinking change from the time prior to where the disabled were thought to be "demon possessed"; to the time in the 's where public thinking was largely based on the misinterpretation of Darwin's Theory of Evolution and the disenchanting effects of the Civil War; to theearly 's where the work of scientists such as Freud, Kanner, and Binet began to impact the public thinking; to the post-war era of the 's when special education was shaped by the work of Bettleheim, Redl and Wineman, and Bower and many categories of disabilities became identified.
From the 's through we saw a real take off in public funding, the beginning of many organizations to assist the disabled, and the emergence of a number of conceptual models of special education.
Modern special education in the 's was from the point of view that because students with disabilities were so different in both their problems and abilities, that it did not make sense to treat all of these students the same. Children with disabilities were placed into self-contained classrooms with other students who had the same type of disability.
The programs were categorical and the teachers were those with a degree in special education who had a specialty in a specific area of disabilities.
The idea was to get these kids in school and get them in a program tailored specifically to their disability. In the early 's parents wanted to be assured of a suitable education for their children, so Public Lawthe Education for Handicapped Act EHAwas passed which set guidelines for the services of special education Friend and Bursuck, Inthe federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA was passed which marked the dawn of what is commonly referred to as "mainstreaming".
This was a practice designed to get the students with disabilities out of their categorical classrooms and back into general education for "specials" Music, Art, and Physical Educationbut for the most part the students were still separate and segregated within their schools.
Proponents of mainstreaming were of the mind that social behavior does not occur outside of social contact and therefore, students with disabilities should be with their non-disabled peers.
This involved the physical integration, functional integration, and social integration of the students. So, mainstreaming went from a time where we just wanted to get these kids in school, to a time where we mainstreamed them for "specials", to a time where they were mainstreamed to become a part of the school.
Thus the argument became that if we can include these kids with disabilities some of the time, why not include them all of the time? This was the basis for our current trend toward full inclusion of all students with disabilities, regardless of their disability or abilities.
Full inclusion is based on the rights of the students to be in the general classroom and the perceived social benefits that being in that classroom provides.
There is, however, a difference in the social integration we saw in early mainstreaming versus that which we see in today's inclusion practices; the social integration of the 80's was done under highly controlled situations, while the social integration of full inclusion is not controlled.
Understanding where the trend toward inclusion comes from is only a factual beginning in the understanding of whether or not inclusion is appropriate in the American Public School of today.
What does the law have to say about the practices of inclusion? Have there been any tests of the law? How can this knowledge shape what is happening in our schools?
One can find commentary on the laws regarding inclusion on a website of the University of Northern Iowa which includes IDEA, passed inwhich states the current federal mandate regarding the laws on inclusion in the American Public School: This is important to note in regard to the practices of inclusion.Disability inclusion means understanding the relationship between the way people function and how they participate in society, and making sure everybody has the same opportunities to participate in every aspect of life to the best of their abilities and desires.
People with Disabilities Need Inclusion Essay - Inclusion; the way forward. According to the World Health Organisation (), there are more than 1 billion people with disabilities in the world, with this number rising.
Many of these people will be excluded from the regular situations we, ‘the ordinary’, experience in everyday life. The Exclusivity of Inclusion: On Disability and Diversity.
As far as I know, this is the first response by a disabled writer to Lionel Shriver’s screed in The Spectator about Penguin/Random.
This free Education essay on Essay: Inclusive education and inclusion is perfect for Education students to use as an example.
Tel: When considering provision for children with special educational needs and disability (SEND) in England, the Warnock committee’s report (DES ) was a significant landmark towards ‘inclusive.
Nov 03, · People with disabilities essay. Disability is one of the most important issues in the contemporary society because stigmatization of people with disabilities contributed to the formation of biases and prejudices which put them into the disadvantageous position compared to people, who did not have problems of disability/5(17).
Inclusion in the Classroom One of the largest controversies faced by schools today is the mandated implementation of inclusion of students with special needs into general education classrooms.