The categorical fanaticism that is apparent in terrorist organizations across a spectrum of belief systems is a major part of this change. In the past, terrorists were more likely to be dominated by pragmatic considerations of political and social change, public opinion, and other such factors. Today, a phenomenon that was a minute rarity in the past terrorists bent on death and destruction for its own sake is more commonplace than ever.
Islamic Extremism in the United States: For many, the claim is surprising, so I thought I would take a look at the numbers to see if it is justifiable. At the outset, let me acknowledge that extremist attacks by any person on behalf of any political ideology are disturbing and must be examined and condemned.
Yet it is such an important issue that an open and honest accounting of such claims is necessary. The now oft repeated claim that right wing extremism is more dangerous to Americans than Islamic extremism is based on total deaths and excludes casualties.
Moreover, such accounts limit themselves to attacks in the United States not worldwideand purposefully exclude the nearly 3, deaths as well as the over 6, survivors treated at hospitals that took place on September 11, Standard practice or not, it seems misleading to have a discussion about terrorism related deaths in the United States and exclude the most important and largest terror attack in U.
I will note, however, that such an approach does not factor in how extraordinary security measures e. Since this blog post was written, other attacks have happened e.
New America has since updated their numbers to reflect this. Please see the addendum at the end of this blog post. See examples herehereand here. The problem with this source, as I see it, is that the count is wrong. These include the more well-known attacks, such as San Bernardino 14 deadChattanooga 5 deadFort Hood 13 deadthe Boston Marathon Bombing 4 dead- with additional casualties, I might addas well as the Washington and New Jersey killing spree 4 deadbut also the Oklahoma beheading of 1 deadthe Little Rock Shooting of 1 deadthe Seattle Jewish Federation Shooting of 1 deadand the Los Angeles Airport shooting of 2 dead.
So this is where they stop, but if we are comparing Islamic extremism to right wing extremism, apples to apples and, to give credit to International Security, they acknowledge this is subjective on their website then there are several others incidents that should be included in this total.
Consider, for example, the efforts of the so-called Beltway sniper John Allen Williams, a longtime member of the Nation of Islam, who only one month after the attacks of September 11, changed his last name to from Williams to Muhammad. After his arrest, he told police that he modeled himself after Osama bin Laden, no less, and his junior partner, Lee Boyd Malvo, claimed one of their goals was to extort money from the federal government so they could set up a terrorist training camp in Canada.
Indeed, on April 22,the Virginia Supreme Court affirmed his death penalty on the basis that Muhammad had committed an act of terrorism. Together, Muhammad and Malvo, killed at least ten people.
But there are, unfortunately, many more such examples that have not been included. In June of in Denver, a man shot four of his co-workers and a swat team member, killing one. Even though John Allen Muhammad modeled himself after Osama bin Laden, and sought to establish a terrorist training camp in Canada, he had no formal connection or contact with al-Qaeda, which is why I suppose he and many other Islamic extremists operating in the U.
S based deaths by Islamic extremists that is lower than the total number of deaths due to right wing extremists. Moreover, the way they measure motivation is not equal either. For example, in August of in Houston, a Saudi Arabian student who had recently embraced a conservative Islamic lifestyle as a result of religious reawakening, slashed the throat of a fellow Jewish student, nearly decapitating him.
Yet he never stated his reason for killing his former Jewish friend, so this makes it hard to say, with any degree of certainty, that he did it for causes related to religious extremism. Consequently, we will not count it here. Similarly, in June ofa Muslim medical student walked into a movie theatre in a Jewish area in Baltimore and started indiscriminately firing at people, killing one.
He then walked to the lobby and placed his empty gun on a counter and waited for police to arrive.Terrorism research, also called terrorism and counter-terrorism research, is an interdisciplinary academic field which seeks to understand the causes of terrorism, how .
Terrorism is the unlawful use of violence to achieve political gains, and its history is as old as humans' willingness to use violence to achieve political power.
Early zealots and assassins such as the Sicarii and the Hashhashin frightened their contemporaries, but were not really terrorists in the modern sense.
The State Department's Patterns of Global Terrorism, published in early , revealed that terrorist attacks have scaled back in number in recent years, even though more casualties have occurred. (1) The late s were a high point for the number of terrorist attacks, with the incidence of attacks exceeding annually in the years The history of terrorism is a history of well-known and historically significant individuals, entities, and incidents associated, whether rightly or wrongly, with terrorism.
Scholars agree that terrorism is a disputed term, and very few of those labeled terrorists describe themselves as such. “I used to call myself a single-issue voter on the essential question of defending civilization against its terrorist enemies and their totalitarian protectors, and on that 'issue' I hope I can continue to expose and oppose any ambiguity.”.
of terrorism proposed by various scholars and institutions; • explain the history of terrorism and the different types of terrorism today, comparing old terrorism with new terrorism; • discuss the fifteen causes that explain why people resort to terrorism; and • describe the various facets of the terrorist’s identity.