Her mother died when she was 2 and she became very close to her father.
Previously, France had the highest number of prizewinners, a total of six, while other nations had no more than two or three.
As of today, seven Peace Prizes will have gone to America, four of them during the last five years. What is true of the other Nobel awards is also true of the Peace Prize: And no one is more aware of the difficulties involved in the selection than the members of the Nobel Committee.
But I trust everyone will agree that it is only natural that so many Peace Prizes should have gone to the United States in recent years. The United States of America is a world in itself, as large as the whole of Europe; and this world is a great land of peace where war between states, either economic or military, is unthinkable.
But the United States is, at the same time, one of the great world powers and economically is now the greatest of all. By virtue of this position, she influences decisions on war and peace in all corners of the globe.
We can say, in fact, that, because of this vast economic strength, she wields greater power over war and peace than Jane addams speech other country on earth. All who yearn for a lasting peace must therefore look to America for help. America helped — perhaps it would be more correct to say compelled — Europe to create a League of Nations which would provide a firm basis for peaceful coexistence among nations.
It was a crushing blow that America herself did not join this organization, and without doubt her failure to do so contributed largely to the failure of the League of Nations to live up to expectations. We still see too much of the old rivalries of power politics. Had the United States joined, she would have been a natural mediator between many of the conflicting forces in Europe, for America is more interested in peace in Europe than in lending her support to any particular country.
It must be said, however, that the United States is not the power for peace in the world that we should have wished her to be. She has sometimes let herself drift into the imperialism which is the natural outcome of industrial capitalism in our age.
In many ways she is typical of the wildest form of capitalist society, and this has inevitably left its mark on American politics. But America has at the same time fostered some of the most spirited idealism on earth.
It may be that this idealism derives its vigor from the squalor and evil produced by social conditions, in other words from the contrasts within itself.
It is certainly an undeniable fact, which must strike anyone who knows the country, that the American nation has an instinctive and profound faith in what the philosophers of or years ago used to call human perfectability, the capacity to become more and more perfect.
It is a faith which has provided the foundation for some of our greatest religions and one which has inspired much of the best work for progress. It was proclaimed by Jesus Christ; it inspired the work of men like Emerson and Wergeland 1. To the American mind nothing is impossible.
This attitude applies not only to science and technology but to social forms and conditions as well.
American social idealism expresses itself as a burning desire to devote work and life to the construction of a more equitable society, in which men will show each other greater consideration in their mutual relations, will provide stronger protection to the weak, and will offer greater opportunities for the beneficent forces of progress.In , Jane Addams addressed the plight of women in domestic labor with her speech "Belated Industry.
Women engaged in domestic labor were the most powerless of laborers: many of them were immigrants with limited English skills who served with little legal protection or organizing possibilities.
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Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Jane Addams The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements () Excerpts from the Original Electronic Text at infed. (NB.
Addams delivered this speech in ; this version comes from her Jane Addams (September 6, – May 21, ), known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, social worker, public philosopher, sociologist, public administrator, protestor, author, and leader in women's suffrage and world peace.
She co-founded, with Ellen Gates Starr, an early settlement house in the United States, Chicago's Hull House that. A guide to this television series with episode descriptions, original air dates, cast listing, writers and directors.
Jane Addams. In this speech, given in Chicago on February 23, to celebrate Washington’s Birthday, Jane Addams (–), social reformer.