Groups vs individuals essay

March 2, By George Lakoff in Political 3 Comments By George Lakoff Donald Trump is winning Republican presidential primaries at such a great rate that he seems likely to become the next Republican presidential nominee and perhaps the next president. There are various theories:

Groups vs individuals essay

Vegetarians and vegans must develop a better answer to that age-old meat-eater question--but you kill plants don't you? Raising the plant question is, in my experience, a first line of defense for most omnivores.

Now, most seasoned vegetarians have their standard point response about why it is better to eat plants than animals. They offer points such as the following: This line of argumentation has its place, but it doesn't answer the question of whether or not it is OK to eat plants in the first place.

It is because there is something to it.

Groups vs individuals essay

Consider the following justifications for eating plants made by vegans on the Vegan-L email discussion list. Most of these arguments numbered below and followed by my response could just as easily have been made by someone trying to justify eating meat.

This is verbatim a meat eater's argument--"But what do vegans eat? I don't have time to cook all of my own meals, I could never get enough to eat without eating meat Just as Descartes managed to ignore the obvious when he said that animals were unfeeling machines, there is considerable evidence that plants are much more aware than we commonly believe.

I Can Tolerate Anything Except The Outgroup | Slate Star Codex

Using a definition of pain that is based on possession of a nervous system deliberately and arbitrarily excludes plants. Yet plants are clearly aware of when they are being attacked because they mobilize chemical defenses.

Just as meat eaters try to deny the fact that animals feel pain, vegans try to deny the fact that plants feel something akin to pain--something that could be used to justify not killing them. If we ever encounter aliens, the chances that they have a nervous system like ours is vanishingly small, but we would nonetheless assume that they feel what we would categorize as pain.

See the previous response--plants clearly do react; if pain is simply a warning tool, some sort of distress signal would still serve a purpose in plants. This doesn't apply to hunting wild animals who generally don't kill plants unlike cows who are fed dead soybeans.

And what about all of the plants and animals that are disrupted or killed by farming i. Although veganism probably does decrease plant suffering when compared to eating meat, this doesn't justify killing plants.

Groups vs individuals essay

The question is not whether we should be omnivores or vegans, but whether or not vegans should adopt a more plant-friendly diet. Then just eat fruits. Eating potatoes and carrots doesn't spread seeds around and it kills the plant--how can this be justified? What about plants that try to avoid being eaten--ones that are poisonous, taste nasty, or make you infertile e.

It's more like taking eggs from a chicken. Given that vegans don't eat eggs because they think it's wrong, this argument makes no sense. The same is not true of animals. Yes, fruits are intended to be eaten.

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Some herbivores are also "intended to be eaten. If these carnivores did not eat the old and diseased prey animals, those prey animals would, in fact, "wither and die.This essay is adapted from the Theodore H.

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Google Groups allows you to create and participate in online forums and email-based groups with a rich experience for community conversations.

MBA vs MiM: The Degree Structure. Tuition Fees (High vs Medium-Low) Another major difference in the MBA vs Masters in Management comparison, is the amount of tuition fees charged by the two degrees, the MBA with its strong and rich background has proven its ability to get students placed in top level companies, & hence charges premium tuition fees ranging anywhere from 50,$ to , THE FALSE ALLURE OF GROUP SELECTION.

Human beings live in groups, are affected by the fortunes of their groups, and sometimes make sacrifices that benefit their groups. May (This essay was originally published in Hackers & Painters.) If you wanted to get rich, how would you do it?

I think your best bet would be to start or join a startup.

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