Scholarly speculation that "Hermes" derives from a more primitive form meaning "one cairn " is disputed. Later, the epithet supplanted the original name itself and Hermes took over the roles as god of messengers, travelers, and boundaries, which had originally belonged to Pan, while Pan himself continued to be venerated by his original name in his more rustic aspect as the god of the wild in the relatively isolated mountainous region of Arcadia. In later myths, after the cult of Pan was reintroduced to Attica, Pan was said to be Hermes's son. Beekes rejects the connection with herma and suggests a Pre-Greek origin.
Few today would accept this literally. In the first book of the Iliad, the son of Zeus and Leto Apolloline 9 is as instantly identifiable to the Greek reader by his patronymic as are the sons of Atreus Agamemnon and Menelausline In both cases, the audience is expected to have knowledge of the myths that preceded their literary rendering.
Little is known to suggest that the Greeks treated Homer, or any other source of Greek myths, as mere entertainment, whereas there are prominent Greeks from Pindar to the later Stoa for whom myths, and those from Homer in particular, are so serious as to warrant bowdlerization or allegorization.
HomerHomer, copy of a lost bust from the 2nd century from Baiae, Italy.
Theogony and Works and Days The fullest and most important source of myths about the origin of the gods is the Theogony of Hesiod c. The elaborate genealogies mentioned above are accompanied by folktales and etiological myths. The orthodox view treats the two poems as quite different in theme and treats the Works and Days as a theodicy a natural theology.
It is possible, however, to treat the two poems as a diptych, each part dependent on the other. The Theogony declares the identities and alliances of the gods, while the Works and Days gives advice on the best way to succeed in a dangerous world, and Hesiod urges that the most reliable—though by no means certain—way is to be just.
Courtesy of the Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Trier, Ger. Other literary works Fragmentary post-Homeric epics of varying date and authorship filled the gaps in the accounts of the Trojan War recorded in the Iliad and Odyssey; the so-called Homeric Hymns shorter surviving poems are the source of several important religious myths.
Many of the lyric poets preserved various myths, but the odes of Pindar of Thebes flourished 6th—5th century bce are particularly rich in myth and legend. The works of the three tragedians— AeschylusSophoclesand Euripidesall of the 5th century bce—are remarkable for the variety of the traditions they preserve.
Apollonius of Rhodesanother scholar of the 3rd century bce, preserved the fullest account of the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece. In the period of the Roman Empirethe Geography of Strabo 1st century bcethe Library of the pseudo-Apollodorus attributed to a 2nd-century-ce scholarthe antiquarian writings of the Greek biographer Plutarchand the works of Pausaniasa 2nd-century-ce historian, as well as the Latin Genealogies of Hyginus, a 2nd-century-ce mythographer, have provided valuable sources in Latin of later Greek mythology.
Archaeological discoveries The discovery of the Mycenaean civilization by Heinrich Schliemanna 19th-century German amateur archaeologist, and the discovery of the Minoan civilization in Crete from which the Mycenaean ultimately derived by Sir Arthur Evansa 20th-century English archaeologist, are essential to the 21st-century understanding of the development of myth and ritual in the Greek world.
Such discoveries illuminated aspects of Minoan culture from about to bce and Mycenaean culture from about to bce; those eras were followed by a Dark Age that lasted until about bce.
Unfortunately, the evidence about myth and ritual at Mycenaean and Minoan sites is entirely monumental, because the Linear B script an ancient form of Greek found in both Crete and Greece was mainly used to record inventories. Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century bce depict scenes from the Trojan cycle, as well as the adventures of Heracles.
The extreme formality of the style, however, renders much of the identification difficult, and there is no inscriptional evidence accompanying the designs to assist scholars in identification and interpretation.
In the succeeding Archaic c. Heracles fighting with the Amazons, detail from a volute krater attributed to Euphronius, c. Religious myths Greek religious myths are concerned with gods or heroes in their more serious aspects or are connected with ritual.
They include cosmogonical tales of the genesis of the gods and the world out of Chaosthe successions of divine rulers, and the internecine struggles that culminated in the supremacy of Zeusthe ruling god of Olympus the mountain that was considered the home of the gods.
The gods on Olympus: Athena, Zeus, Dionysus, Hera, and Aphrodite. Some myths about heroes and heroines also have a religious basis. The tale of creation and moral decline forms part of the myth of the Four Ages see below Myths of the ages of the world.In this section you can find all of the Myths and Legends we have gathered.
Myths and Legends are the ones that we know about and Your Stories are the ones sent in and created by you. We like to hear about Myths and Legends from all over the world, please use . One of my 8-yr old favorite books. Will keep her entertained for many hours as she devours the myths and legends.
She cannot wait to tell me about the different gods, goddesses, and mythical creatures described in the stories. Hermes was a son of Zeus and the Pleiad-nymphe Maia and a grandson of the Titans Kronos (Cronus), Rheia and Atlas and the nymphe Pleione.
His half-brothers and sisters included the gods Apollon, Artemis, Athena, Ares, Persephone and Dionysos. Greek mythology, body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient Greeks.
That the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, such as the philosopher Plato in the 5th–4th century bce. In general, however, in the popular. legends or myths collectively: the heroes of Greek fable. an untruth; falsehood: This boast of a cure is a medical fable.
the plot of an epic, a dramatic poem, or a play. idle talk: old wives' fables. Some Great Greek Myths for Kids. The ancient Greeks told stories about their gods. These stories are called myths (short for mythology, or stories about gods.).