A biography of alexander sandy calder americas first abstract artist of international renown

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A biography of alexander sandy calder americas first abstract artist of international renown

He also produced wire figures, which are like drawings made in space, and notably a miniature circus work that was performed by the artist. Alexander "Sandy" Calder was born in in Lawnton, Pennsylvania. His actual birthday, however, remains a source of much confusion.

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When Calder's family learned about the birth certificate, they reasserted with certainty that city officials had made a mistake. Calder's grandfather, sculptor Alexander Milne Calder, was born in Scotland, immigrated to Philadelphia inand is best known for the colossal statue of William Penn on top of Philadelphia City Hall's tower.

His father, Alexander Stirling Calder, was a well-known sculptor who created many public installations, a majority of them in nearby Philadelphia. Calder's parents married on February 22, ; his sister, Mrs.

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That same year he also completed his earliest sculpture, a clay elephant. Three years later, Stirling Calder contracted tuberculosis, and Calder's parents moved to a ranch in Oracle, Arizona, leaving the children in the care of family friends for a year.

The children were reunited with their parents in late March and stayed at the ranch in Arizona until fall of the same year. After Arizona, the Calder family moved to Pasadena, California. The windowed cellar of the family home became Calder's first studio and he received his first set of tools.

A biography of alexander sandy calder americas first abstract artist of international renown

He used scraps of copper wire that he found in the street to make jewelry for his sister's dolls. On January 1,Nanette Calder took her son to theTournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, where he observed a four-horse-chariot race.

This style of event later became the finale of Calder's miniature circus performances. That Christmas, he sculpted a dog and a duck out of sheet brass as gifts for his parents.

The sculptures are three-dimensional and the duck is kinetic because it rocks when gently tapped. In Croton, during his early high school years, Calder was befriended by his father's painter friend Everett Shinn with whom he built a gravity powered system of mechanical trains.

Calder described it, "We ran the train on wooden rails held by spikes; a chunk of iron racing down the incline speeded [sic] the cars. We even lit up some cars with candle lights". While living in Spuyten Duyvil, Calder attended high school in nearby Yonkers. InStirling Calder was appointed acting chief of the Department of Sculpture of the Panama—Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, California, and began work on sculptures for the exposition that was held in During Calder's high school years —the family moved back and forth between New York and California.

In each new location, Calder's parents reserved cellar space as a studio for their son. Toward the end of this period, Calder stayed with friends in California while his parents moved back to New York, so that he could graduate from Lowell High School in San Francisco. Calder graduated with the class of Calder's parents did not want him to suffer the life of an artist, so he decided to study mechanical engineering.

An intuitive engineer since childhood, Calder did not even know what mechanical engineering was. When asked why he decided to study mechanical engineering instead of art Calder said, "I wanted to be an engineer because some guy I rather liked was a mechanical engineer, that's all.

He was well-liked and the class yearbook contained the following description, "Sandy is evidently always happy, or perhaps up to some joke, for his face is always wrapped up in that same mischievous, juvenile grin. This is certainly the index to the man's character in this case, for he is one of the best natured fellows there is.

Calder received a degree from Stevens in For the next several years, he held a variety of jobs, including working as a hydraulic engineer and a draughtsmanfor the New York Edison Company. In JuneCalder found work as a mechanic on the passenger ship H.One of America's best known sculptors, "Sandy" Calder became most famous for his kinetic abstract mobiles.

He also did floor pieces, was a painter in watercolor, oil and gouache, did etchings and serigraphs, and made jewelry and tapestries as well designed theater stage settings and . Summary. American artist Alexander Calder redefined sculpture by introducing the element of movement, first through performances of his mechanical Calder's Circus and later with motorized works, and, finally, with hanging works called "mobiles." In addition to his abstract mobiles, Calder also created static sculptures, called "stabiles," as well as paintings, jewelry, theater sets, and costumes.

Alexander (Sandy) Calder American Born: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States New York Museum of Modern Art, New York City Philadelphia Museum of Art Whitney Museum of American Art, NYC Museum of Science and Industry, BIOGRAPHY: Alexander Calder was a sculptor of international renown.

Born in Philadelphia, he grew up in. Alexander Calder (/ ˈ k ɔː l d ər /; July 22, – November 11, ) was an American sculptor who is best known for his innovative mobiles (kinetic sculptures powered by motors or air currents) that embrace chance in their aesthetic and his monumental public sculptures.

Born into a family of artists, Calder's work first gained attention in Paris in the s and was soon championed by Alma mater: Stevens Institute of Technology, Art Students League of New York.

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She invited me to work with her and several other Indigenous activists to organize a groundbreaking international conference of Indigenous writers, artists, and performers, held at the Museum of Civilization in , the the development of this Indigenous identity.

Alexander Calder: November